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21个实用便利的PHP代码

php 大步 860浏览 0评论

1. PHP可阅读随机字符串

此代码将创建一个可阅读的字符串,使其更接近词典中的单词,实用且具有密码验证功能。

/**************
*@length - length of random string (must be a multiple of 2)
**************/
function readable_random_string($length = 6){
    $conso=array("b","c","d","f","g","h","j","k","l",
    "m","n","p","r","s","t","v","w","x","y","z");
    $vocal=array("a","e","i","o","u");
    $password="";
    srand ((double)microtime()*1000000);
    $max = $length/2;
    for($i=1; $i<=$max; $i++)
    {
    $password.=$conso[rand(0,19)];
    $password.=$vocal[rand(0,4)];
    }
    return $password;
}

2. PHP生成一个随机字符串

如果不需要可阅读的字符串,使用此函数替代,即可创建一个随机字符串,作为用户的随机密码等。

/*************
*@l - length of random string
*/
function generate_rand($l){
  $c= "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789";
  srand((double)microtime()*1000000);
  for($i=0; $i<$l; $i++) {
      $rand.= $c[rand()%strlen($c)];
  }
  return $rand;
}

3. PHP编码电子邮件地址

使用此代码,可以将任何电子邮件地址编码为 html 字符实体,以防止被垃圾邮件程序收集。

function encode_email($email='info@domain.com', $linkText='Contact Us', $attrs ='class="emailencoder"' )
{
    // remplazar aroba y puntos
    $email = str_replace('@', '&#64;', $email);
    $email = str_replace('.', '&#46;', $email);
    $email = str_split($email, 5); 

    $linkText = str_replace('@', '&#64;', $linkText);
    $linkText = str_replace('.', '&#46;', $linkText);
    $linkText = str_split($linkText, 5); 

    $part1 = '<a href="http://blog.163.com/ksharp_dabu/blog/ma';
    $part2 = 'ilto&#58;';
    $part3 = '" '. $attrs .' >';
    $part4 = '</a>'; 

    $encoded = '<script type="text/javascript">';
    $encoded .= "document.write('$part1');";
    $encoded .= "document.write('$part2');";
    foreach($email as $e)
    {
            $encoded .= "document.write('$e');";
    }
    $encoded .= "document.write('$part3');";
    foreach($linkText as $l)
    {
            $encoded .= "document.write('$l');";
    }
    $encoded .= "document.write('$part4');";
    $encoded .= '</script>'; 

    return $encoded;
}

4. PHP验证邮件地址

电子邮件验证也许是中最常用的网页表单验证,此代码除了验证电子邮件地址,也可以选择检查邮件域所属 DNS 中的 MX 记录,使邮件验证功能更加强大。

function is_valid_email($email, $test_mx = false)
{
    if(eregi("^([_a-z0-9-]+)(.[_a-z0-9-]+)*@([a-z0-9-]+)(.[a-z0-9-]+)*(.[a-z]{2,4})$", $email))
        if($test_mx)
        {
            list($username, $domain) = split("@", $email);
            return getmxrr($domain, $mxrecords);
        }
        else
            return true;
    else
        return false;
}

5. PHP列出目录内容

function list_files($dir)
{
    if(is_dir($dir))
    {
        if($handle = opendir($dir))
        {
            while(($file = readdir($handle)) !== false)
            {
                if($file != "." && $file != ".." && $file != "Thumbs.db")
                {
                    echo '<a target="_blank" href="http://blog.163.com/ksharp_dabu/blog/'.$dir.$file.'">'.$file.'</a><br>'."n";
                }
            }
            closedir($handle);
        }
    }
}

6. PHP销毁目录

删除一个目录,包括它的内容。

/*****
*@dir - Directory to destroy
*@virtual[optional]- whether a virtual directory
*/
function destroyDir($dir, $virtual = false)
{
    $ds = DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR;
  
;  $dir = $virtual ? realpath($dir) : $dir;
    $dir = substr($dir, -1) == $ds ? substr($dir, 0, -1) : $dir;
    if (is_dir($dir) && $handle = opendir($dir))
    {
        while ($file = readdir($handle))
        {
            if ($file == '.' || $file == '..')
            {
                continue;
            }
            elseif (is_dir($dir.$ds.$file))
            {
                destroyDir($dir.$ds.$file);
            }
            else
            {
                unlink($dir.$ds.$file);
            }
        }
        closedir($handle);
        rmdir($dir);
        return true;
    }
    else
    {
        return false;
    }
}

7. PHP解析 JSON 数据

与大多数流行的 Web 服务如 twitter 通过开放 API 来提供数据一样,它总是能够知道如何解析 API 数据的各种传送格式,包括 JSON,XML 等等。

$json_string='{"id":1,"name":"foo","email":"foo@foobar.com","interest":["wordpress","php"]} ';
$obj=json_decode($json_string);
echo $obj->name; //prints foo
echo $obj->interest[1]; //prints php

8. PHP解析 XML 数据

 

//xml string
$xml_string="<?xml version='1.0'?>
<users>
<user id='398'>
<name>Foo</name>
<email>foo@bar.com</name>
</user>
<user id='867'>
<name>Foobar</name>
<email>foobar@foo.com</name>
</user>
</users>";

//load the xml string using simplexml
$xml = simplexml_load_string($xml_string);

//loop through the each node of user
foreach ($xml->user as $user)
{
//access attribute
echo $user['id'], ' ';
//subnodes are accessed by -> operator
echo $user->name, ' ';
echo $user->email, '<br />';
}

 

9. PHP创建日志缩略名

创建用户友好的日志缩略名。

 

function create_slug($string){
$slug=preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9-]+/', '-', $string);
return $slug;
}

 

10. PHP获取客户端真实 IP 地址

该函数将获取用户的真实 IP 地址,即便他使用代理服务器。

 

function getRealIpAddr()
{
    if (!emptyempty($_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP']))
    {
        $ip=$_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP'];
    }
    elseif (!emptyempty($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']))
    //to check ip is pass from proxy
    {
        $ip=$_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR'];
    }
    else
    {
        $ip=$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
    }
    return $ip;
}

 

11. PHP强制性文件下载

为用户提供强制性的文件下载功能。

 

/********************
*@file - path to file
*/
function force_download($file)
{
if ((isset($file))&&(file_exists($file))) {
header("Content-length: ".filesize($file));
header('Content-Type: application/octet-stream');
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="' . $file . '"');
readfile("$file");
} else {
echo "No file selected";
}
}

 

12. PHP创建标签云

 

function getCloud( $data = array(), $minFontSize = 12, $maxFontSize = 30 )
{
$minimumCount = min( array_values( $data ) );
$maximumCount = max( array_values( $data ) );
$spread = $maximumCount - $minimumCount;
$cloudHTML = '';
$cloudTags = array();

$spread == 0 && $spread = 1;

foreach( $data as $tag => $count )
{
$size = $minFontSize + ( $count - $minimumCount )
* ( $maxFontSize - $minFontSize ) / $spread;
$cloudTags[] = '<a style="font-size: ' . floor( $size ) . 'px'
. '" href="http://blog.163.com/ksharp_dabu/blog/#" title="'' . $tag .
'' returned a count of ' . $count . '">'
. htmlspecialchars( stripslashes( $tag ) ) . '</a>';
}

return join( "n", $cloudTags ) . "n";
}
/**************************
**** Sample usage ***/
$arr = Array('Actionscript' => 35, 'Adobe' => 22, 'Array' => 44, 'Background' => 43,
'Blur' => 18, 'Canvas' => 33, 'Class' => 15, 'Color Palette' => 11, 'Crop' => 42,
'Delimiter' => 13, 'Depth' => 34, 'Design' => 8, 'Encode' => 12, 'Encryption' => 30,
'Extract' => 28, 'Filters' => 42);
echo getCloud($arr, 12, 36);

 

13. PHP寻找两个字符

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